Final Report – WHITEX

Winter Haze Intensive Tracer Experiment

Principal Authors: William  Malm1, Kristi Gebhart1, Douglas Latimer2, Thomas Cahill3, Robert Eldred3,

Roger Pielke4, Roger Stocker4, John Watson5

Click on the title below to view PDF files of these documents:

Cover Pages (478 kb)

Chapter 1 - Introduction (2069 kb)

Chapter 2 - Air Quality Climatology of the WHITEX Study Area (1544 kb)

Chapter 3 - Optical, Particulate, SO2 and CD4 Measurements (2208 kb)


Chapter 4 - Discussion of Data

4.1 - 4.2 Introduction and Temporal History of WHITEX Study Period (1384 kb)

4.3 Temporal History of CD4 at Receptors (2344 kb)

4.4 Statistical Summaries (1712 kb)

4.5 Temporal History of Meteorological Data (997 kb)

4.6 Discussion of Data section 2 (1696 kb)


Chapter 5 - Light Extinction Budgets

5.1 Assumptions and Data Analysis (847 kb)

5.2 Preliminary Data Analysis (1240 kb)

5.3 Light Extinction Budget By Extinction Type (1174 kb)

5.4 Extinction Budget By Species(595 kb)

5.5 - 5.6 Time Variations in the Light Extinction Budget and Comparison to Previous Studies at Grand Canyon(682 kb)

5.7 Summary (332 kb)


Chapter 6 - Attribution of Sulfur and Visibility Impairment

6.1- 6.2 Introduction and Emissions (332 kb)

6.3 Deposition and Transformation Rates (1318 kb)

6.4 Analysis of Meteorological Conditions(1145 kb)

6.5 Spatial and Temporal Trends in Sulfates (1501 kb)

6.0 Assessment of Quantitative Attribution Techniques

6.6.1 Tracer Mass Balance Regression (2337 kb)

6.6.2 Differential Mass Balance(4417 kb)

6.6.3 Chemical Mass Balance(1520 kb)

6.7 Attribution of Visibility Impairment (1051 kb)

Contents (1474 kb)

References (1396 kb)

Chapter 7 - Deterministic Modeling (1977 kb)


Chapter 8 - Climate of Extreme Sulfur Episodes

8.1 Introduction (346 kb)

8.2 Extreme Sulfur Episodes During WHITEX (1086 kb)

8.3 Extreme Sulfur Events During November 1986 - March 1987 (717 kb)

8.4 - 8.6 High Sulfur Events During 1982 - 1986, Summary of Historic

Episodes and Overall Summary and Conclusions (1099 kb)


Historic Weather Maps

1982

1983

1985

February 1986

March 1986

October 1986

November 1986

December 1986

1987

Chapter 9 - Summary and Conclusions (2770 kb)

Appendices

3A Description of Sample Collection and Analysis (2048 kb)
3B Precision and Accuracy of CD4 and Measurement (694 kb)
3C Internal Accuracy and Precision of Particulate Data (2917 kb)
3D Particulate Concentration Intercomparison (1182 kb)
3E Precision and Accuracy of SO2 Measurements and Intercomparisons (519 kb)
3F Precision and Accuracy of Optical Measurements (1920 kb)
3G Regression Plots (287 kb)
4A Disaggregation Procedures (198 kb)
6A General Mass Balance Model (797 kb)
6B Tracer Mass Balance Model Regression (TMBR) Model and Tracer Balance (TMB) Model (622 kb)
6C Differential Mass Balance Model (587 kb)
6D Chemical Mass Balance Receptor Model (1202 kb)
6E Wind Vectors (1617 kb)
6F Upper Air Plots pages 1 - 20 (1411 kb)
6F Upper Air Plots Pages 21- 40 (1538 kb)
6F Upper Air Plots pages 41 - 61 (1528 kb)
6G Trajectories (1127 kb)
6H Streaklines (2034 kb)
8A Daily Weather Maps - WHITEX Time Period (3530 kb)
8A Daily Weather Maps - Historic Weather Maps (4197 kb)

Addendum

1.0 Review of the WHITEX Draft Report (669 kb)
2.0 Contents (535 kb)
2.1 Assumptions and Data Analysis Techniques (782 kb)
2.2 Preliminary Data Analysis (1625 kb)
2.3 Light Extinction Budget by Extinction Type(1296 kb)
2.4 Extinction Budget by Species (522 kb)
2.5 Time Variations in the Light Extinction Budget (2763 kb)
2.6 - 2.7 Comparison to Previous Studies at Grand Canyon and Summary (1086 kb)
3.0 Empirical Orthogonal Function Analysis of the Particulate Sulfate Concentrations Measured During WHITEX (1813 kb)
4 .0 Application of a Differential Mass Balance Model to Attribute Sulfate Haze in the Southwest(1281 kb)
5.0 Application of Tracer Mass Balance Regression to WHITEX Data (1676 kb)
6.0 Survey of a Variety of Receptor Modeling Techniques(3205 kb)
7.0 Relationship of Trends in Regional Sulfur Dioxide Emissions to Particulate
Sulfate Concentrations in the Southwestern United States(1553 kb)

1National Parks Service
2Latimer & Associates
3University of California
4Colorado State University
5Desert Research Institute