The effects of the changes in the haziest bext on various scenes were simulated using the WinHaze 22.214.171.124 model (Air Resource Specialists, Fort Collins, CO, http://www.air-resource.com/resources/downloads.html). WinHaze incorporates aerosol and radiative transfer modules with image processing to synthesize images representing air quality and environmental conditions (Malm et al., 1983; Molenar et al., 1994). Model inputs require specifying either speciated particulate concentrations, species-dependent hygroscopic and optical properties (i.e., mass extinction efficiencies) and relative humidity, or measured or reconstructed aerosol optical properties such as bext. The haziest reconstructed bext values corresponding to the beginning and end of trend periods were input to illustrate changes in the scene corresponding to the calculated trends. Scenes were simulated for approximately 50 national parks and wilderness areas with valid trends in bext.
Hand, J.L., B.A. Schichtel, W.C. Malm, S. Copeland, J.V. Molenar, N. Frank, M. Pitchford, (2014) Widespread reductions in haze across the United States from the early 1990s through 2011, Atmospheric Environment, 94, 671-679, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.05.062, 2014.